Soduim:

by: Ryleigh Miller(:

 

History/background/origin:

Who discovered it?

Where was it descivered/when/how?

Uses:

  1. Salt 
  2. Metallic sodium is crucial in the manufacturing of organic compounds.
  3. A chemical heat transfer unit often uses alloys of sodium.

Is it naturally occurring or synthetic?

Where can it be found?

Is it radioactive?

Name and describe all isotopes of this element:

Hazards and safety issues:

  1. majority of American adults consume to much sodium
  2. Excessive sodium intake also links with increased risk of osteoporosis, particularly in postmenopausal women. When you consume high amounts of sodium, it causes an increased release of calcium in urine, a condition known as calciuria
  3. Sodium is considered to be nontoxic, but when it comes in contact with the skin it may cause burns and irritation

 

 

Properties/descriptions of this element:

 

 

 

Name of element Sodium
elemnts symbol Na
atomic number (z) 11
atomic mass (a) 22.99
nuclear notation  Na-22 Na-23 Na-24
 melting point
 97.72 °C (370.87 K, 207.9 °F)
 boiling point
 883 °C (1156 K, 1621 °F)
 density
 2.16 g/cm3
 atomic radius (nm)
 190pm
 first ionization energy(KJ/mol)
 495.8 kJ mol-1
 specific heat (j/gC)
1.23 J g-1 K-1
 electron configuration
 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1
 section on the periodic table
group 1/IA
 classification
 metal
 major oxidation states
Na+ ion is +1

 

 

 

 


  














Cititations:

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/sodium-uses-what-is-sodium-used-for.html

http://www.webelements.com/sodium/history.html

http://www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/na.htm

http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele011.html

http://www.chemicalelements.com/elements/na.html

http://www.lookchem.com/Periodic-Table/Sodium/

http://ie.lbl.gov/education/parent/na_iso.htm
 http://www.livestrong.com/article/504731-what-are-the-hazards-of-sodium/#ixzz27hcNBvRZ