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Social Language Disorders

Children may have difficulty with social language skills, or pragmatics.  The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) report that social language involves three major communication skills:

  • Using language for different purposes, such as
    • greeting (e.g., hello, goodbye)
    • informing (e.g., I'm going to get a cookie)
    • demanding (e.g., Give me a cookie)
    • promising (e.g., I'm going to get you a cookie)
    • requesting (e.g., I would like a cookie, please)
  • Changing language according to the needs of a listener or situation, such as
    • talking differently to a baby than to an adult
    • giving background information to an unfamiliar listener
    • speaking differently in a classroom than on a playground
  • Following rules for conversations and storytelling, such as
    • taking turns in conversation
    • introducing topics of conversation
    • staying on topic
    • rephrasing when misunderstood
    • how to use verbal and nonverbal signals
    • how close to stand to someone when speaking
    • how to use facial expressions and eye contact
  • Individuals with deficits in the area of social language may make inappropriate or unrelated contributions to conversations, have difficulty understanding social situations, or have difficulty with following "social rules."

     

    The following websites provide information on ways to help your child with social language disorders:

    Pragmatic Language Tips

    Autism Spectrum Disorders

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    Last modified: 2015-07-22 10:40:43 PM (EDT)